Personal Pronouns reversals and pronouns case errors in autistic and 2-6 yo typically developed English-speaking children.

Personal Pronouns reversals and pronouns case errors in autistic and 2-6 yo typically

developed English-speaking children.

Alzahrani, Ahmed

One of the main features of children with ASD (Autism spectrum disorder) is impired
communication. Such impairment significantly impacts their language learning.Several studies
have shown that autistic children show some patterns of errors in the use of personal pronouns
such as PPR ( personal pronouns reversals) and pronouns case errors. However,This paper is
concerned mainly with Personal Pronouns reversals,pronouns case errors, and the variety of
personal pronoun uses between 3-6 yo (TD) typically developed children and children with
ASD.In this study, I used eight transcripts for four TD children and four children with ASD ages
3-6 yo in playing sessions.I counted every use of personal pronoun along with the errors such
as PPR and pronouns case errors made and compared both categories.The findings show that
there’s no clear indication of PPR or pronouns case errors. The results also show that TD
children use more variety of pronouns than children with ASD.


Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is an increasingly diagnosed developmental disorder in
children (Fombonne, 2005; World Health Organisation, 1992). One of the main features of ASD
is significantly impaired communication and these language deficits might affect general
language learning significantly.Several studies have shown that Autistic children

Method :

The data is collected from CHILDES, where four transcripts of four TD children
and children with ASD ages 3-6 years old were analyzed.I counted each personal
pronoun used and indicated personal pronoun errors and personal pronouns
reversals. The transcripts consist of 30-minute free play sessions of children.The
data are taken from Eigsti, Dadlani & Bennetto (2007). The play session took place
in labs,in a room that contains a set of toys and books.

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